Exouds 12:40-41 Now the duration of the Israelites’ stay in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD’s divisions went out of the land of Egypt.
Shalom family. Today I would like to do an in-depth analysis of the Israelite migration from Egypt to the land of Canaan.
In the year 1446 BCE, on the fifteenth day of Nisan in the year 2448 after the creation of the world. The Lord brought his people Israel out from Egypt, out from the house of bondage, with a mighty hand, and an outstretched arm. With many signs, and wonders and plagues and famine and pestilences. At the time of the exodus, the people of Israel were not few in number, they were a mass multitude of people. The Bible gives us some clear indication as to their number:
Exodus 12:37-38 The Israelites journeyed from Rameses to Sukkoth. There were about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. A mixed multitude went up with them also, and flocks and herds—a great deal of livestock.
Now, if we assume that at the time, there was an equal number of men and women, that equates to 600,000 females. So now we are at 1.2 million individuals. Now we know that there were also children and a mixed multitude present, however the Bible does not give an exact number of either. Also, there are many factors to consider when trying to get a good census on the number of people who left Egypt. For example, there was a massacre of Hebrew boys prior to the exodus (Exodus 1:22).
So this would mean there was a disproportionate number of women to men, due to the genocide against Israel in Egypt. Another factor to consider is the fact that according to the Bible, Israelite women were very fertile (Exodus 1:19). And so it is possible that babies were still being born at the time of the exodus. Not to mention women who were pregnant before the exodus, and likewise those who may have given birth during the exodus.
So with all these factors taken into consideration, one could put the total number of Israelites who left Egypt to be between 1.2 million – 2 million people max. No wonder Moses and Aaron had a hard time in the wilderness. Can you imagine trying to handle 1 – 2 million hungry, thirsty and scared people? Lord have mercy!
<div>It was a good explanation of the 430years by this Gentile, until he explained incorrectly the 400year prophecy in Genesis 15. </div><div>
Interesting to note: Dr Kenneth Howard had said that only a percentage of Israelites left Egypt (he did say the percentage, but I don’t remember what it was) Not sure where he attained this source from. But it would make sense. In the second Exodus, not all would leave or be taken aware to the wilderness.
That’s what happens when you allow a Gentile to explain the Bible. Unless they are under Israelite mentorship, then their interpretation of scripture is always going to be off. Anyways, thanks for your reference. It was something I had initially forgot to mention, about the Israelites who died in Egypt or those who refused to leave. Though the Bible doesn’t go into too much detail about either group, one knows for a surety that they existed. But subconsciously we just assume that everyone right down to the last man left along with Moses. But in real life, that would just not be possible, not unless the Most High willed it to happen. Nevertheless, had we known the full extent of those who died and those who didn’t leave, then that would definitely scew my initial estimates by about maybe a couple hundred thousand or so.